Sacramento is the capital city of California, it is often forgotten in
favor of its larger and much more famous sisters such as Los Angeles,
and San Francisco. With a population of 407,108,
Sacramento ranks as the seventh largest city in California, and the
40th largest city in the United States. Sacramento is
located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American
River, making it a major deepwater port for the surrounding Sacramento
Valley. With an average elevation of only 18 feet, it is one of
the lowest cities in elevation in the United States.
Sacramento is located about 85 miles northeast of San Francisco, on
the Interstate-5 corridor. The city is served by Sacramento
International Airport, which offers flights to and from Mexico.
inhabited by the Miwok, Shonommey, and Maidu Indians, Sacramento
Valley was founded and named by Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga in
1806. "Sacramento" is the Spanish word for "Holy Sacrament".
1840, pioneer John Sutter arrived from Liestal, Switzerland to found
the trading colony of Sutter's Fort. In 1848, gold was
discovered at nearby Sutter's Mill, breaking Sacramento full-force
into the California Gold Rush. Seeing the need for a city in
this area, John Sutter Jr. and William Warner planned and laid out the
City of Sacramento, which was officially chartered in 1850, making it
the oldest incorporated city in California. Despite being
ravaged by fire, disease, and floods in the early 1850s, the city
continued to grow, thanks to its location just downstream of the
Mother Lode in the Sierra Nevadas. In 1854, Sacramento was
declared the capital city of California, a title it still holds today.
Sacramento was picked to be the Western end of the famed Pony Express
mail delivery service, and was the starting point for the First
Transcontinental Railroad in 1863.
Demographics and Climate
city's population is ethnically diverse, with 48.3% being Caucasian,
21.6% Hispanic, 16.6% Asian, and 15.5% African American. The
here is $37,049, not much for being in California, and 20% of the
city's population lives below the poverty line. The average
temperature throughout the year here is 61°F (16°C), with average
daily highs ranging from 53°F (12°C) in the winter to 93°F (34°C) in
the summer. Average daily low temperatures range from 38°F (3°C)
in winter to 58°F (14°C) in the summer. The average year
contains 73 days per year where the high temperature breaks the 90°F
mark. It rains in Sacramento an average of 58 days a year, with
just 17.4 inches of rain annually. In the summer, you'll
virtually never see a rainy day, while in the winter, 3.5 inches per
month is average.
not a tourist trap by any stretch of the imagination. The mere
fact that it houses the Governor of the State of California is a
attraction unto itself, and the town is built around the government.
A few things do bring tourists to the area when they are itching for
something to do, such as Old Sacramento, a restored frontier town with
cobblestone streets and riverboat tours. Water World is a major
destination for the kids, and Fairy Tale Town is fun for the little
ones. Beyond that, however, the pickings are rather slim.
Some people will use Sacramento as a day trip when visiting nearby
Napa Valley, and others just stop in because there isn't much else to
see along the seemingly endless I-5 corridor on their way to
the links in the left margin, you can find more information about the
Sacramento area, such as a message board, a photo gallery, a directory
of links, and our own take on the city.